1. Holy shit so did Lotta Continua. 

     
  2. Potere Operaio had their own theme song? Why are Italians so much better at far-left politics than Americans?

     
  3. Ok, I have to chime in on this. There is a mistaken belief that cultural attitudes in the past were monolithic, that everyone and everywhere was “of their time.” This is not true; even in the past, there were people and places who saw past conventional wisdom and social pressure and looked to a better future. 

    This is especially true for Steve Rogers, because unlike other patriotism-themed characters, Steve Rogers doesn’t represent a genericized America but rather a very specific time and place - 1930s New York City. We know he was born July 4, 1920 (not kidding) to a working class family of Irish Catholic immigrants who lived in New York’s Lower East Side (the digital comic book First Vengeance changes this slightly, shifting his birth to 1918 and moving the family to Brooklyn, but the details are the same). This has political meaning: given his class and ethnic background, there is no way in hell Steve Rogers didn’t grow up as a Democrat, and a New Deal Democrat at that. Steve Rogers grew up poor in the Great Depression, the son of a single mother (his father died when he was a child) and then orphaned in his late teens when his mother dies of TB. And he came of age in New York City at a time when the New Deal was in full swing, Fiorello LaGuardia was mayor, the American Labor Party was a major force in city politics, labor unions were on the move, the Abraham Lincoln Brigade was organizing to fight fascism in Spain in the name of the Popular Front, and there was a growing and militant anti-racist movement that equated segregation and Nazism that will eventually feed into the “Double V” campaign.  

    Then he becomes a fine arts student. To be an artist in New York City in the 1930s was to be surrounded by the “Cultural Front.” We’re talking the WPA Arts and Theater Projects, Diego Rivera painting socialist murals in Rockefeller Center, Orson Welles turning Julius Caesar into an anti-fascist play and running an all-black Macbeth and “The Cradle Will Rock,” Paul Robeson was a major star, you couldn’t have escaped left-wing politics. And if a poor kid like Steve Rogers was going to college as a fine arts student, odds are very good that he was going to the City College of New York at a time when an 80% Jewish student body is organizing student trade unions, anti-fascist rallies, and the “New York Intellectuals" were busily debating Trotskyism vs. Stalinism vs. Norman Thomas Socialism vs. the New Deal in the dining halls and study carrels. 

    And this Steve Rogers becomes an anti-fascist. In the fall of 1940, over a year before Pearl Harbor, he volunteers to join the army to fight the Nazis. This isn’t an apolitical patriotism forged out of a sense that the U.S has been attacked; rather, Steve Rogers had come to believe that Nazism posed an existential threat to the America he believed in. New Deal America.

    (Source: http://racefortheironthrone.tumblr.com/)

    (Source: theladymonsters)

     
  4. 05:03

    Notes: 1454

    Reblogged from mediocremichaelwoman

    R.I.P. Damien Wayne…. Until another writer ten years from now decides it’s time to resurrect you.

     
  5. image: Download

    Max Ernst, “Fiat modes pereat ars” plate VIII

    Max Ernst, “Fiat modes pereat ars” plate VIII

     
  6. image: Download

    Max Ernst, Napoleon in the Wilderness

    Max Ernst, Napoleon in the Wilderness

     
  7. 06:02

    Notes: 21

    Reblogged from rozzemilia77

    Plays: 93

    rozzemilia77:

    La ballata del Pinelli

     
  8. But Piazza Fontana was of a different order. Not so much because the secret services were directly involved (we are still not quite sure how) in planning the operation and shifting the blame, but because people right at the top took the opportunity to mount a precisely targeted attack against the student and workers’ movement… I am not interested here in establishing whether Pinelli was pushed or not, nor in reconstructing the clumsy, scandalous attempt to frame the ‘anarchist dancer’. What interests me is that, a few hours after the bombing, none other than the minister of the interior leaked that the police had reason to focus their enquiries on the Left, and a frenzied press campaign got under way, with daily updates from the ‘investigation’, to make this idea stick. And it interests me that the onslaught of disinformation was directed against the far Left and a small section of the democratic intelligentsia. The operation was too crude and amateurish to succeed, but for a long time the PCI did no more than say ‘let there be light’ - and when there was light it did not invoke the plot to mount a full-scale attack on the dark face of the regime. This opened an unbridgeable gap with the student movement; worse, the Party gave up one of its classical weapons, democratic mobilization. The movement came out of the episode invigorated rather than discredited, but more convinced than ever that all institutions were rotten and capable of anything: the PCI itself was, if not an enemy, an adversary, or at the very least an untrustworthy interlocutor
    — Lucio Magri, The Tailor of Ulm: Communism in the Twentieth Century
     
  9. 20:49 22nd Apr 2014

    Notes: 8

    Reblogged from storiaillustrata

    storiaillustrata:

    Tessere del Partito Comunista Italiano
    dal 1946 al 1952
    appartenute a mio nonno, Federico Morgante

     
  10. In fact, two distinct tremors were profoundly shaking Italian politics and society: the ‘economic miracle’ and the trade union offensive, which the projects for a centre-left government sought to use as the lever for a ‘reformism from above’; and the student revolt and workers’ struggles seeking to produce a new social order ‘from below’. Both these perspectives failed in terms of their main objectives, but they left deep and lasting marks on the country, as well as opening up something like a systemic crisis in the short term. The PCI was unable, and in part unwilling, to take a direct role in promoting or leading either process, such as it had played in the Resistance and the foundation of the Republic. But it did help to initiate, support or shape them, and they in turn affected and crisscrossed the Communist movement. Only at the end did the Party gather the fruits, while having to shoulder the responsibility for an acceptable outcome to the social conflict. It also had to define and impose or reject a role in government that the evolution of events offered it, without having sufficient strength or ideas to meet the challenge.
    — Lucio Magri, The Tailor of Ulm: Communism in the Twentieth Century
     
  11. 19:24

    Notes: 145268

    Reblogged from nodamncatnodamncradle

    image: Download

    Batman’s powers basically amount to being a deranged aristocrat whose inability to process grief leads him to beat up poor people and the mentally ill. 

    Batman’s powers basically amount to being a deranged aristocrat whose inability to process grief leads him to beat up poor people and the mentally ill. 

    (Source: medievalfashion)

     
  12. If Arthur C. Clarke had more hair and were considerably more handsome, he could easily be mistaken for me.
    — Isaac Asimov
     
  13. 23:18 15th Mar 2014

    Notes: 1

    image: Download

    Dan Deacon, Ithaca

    Dan Deacon, Ithaca

     
  14. 23:16

    Notes: 1

    image: Download

    Dan Deacon, Ithaca

    Dan Deacon, Ithaca

     
  15. I’ve been trying to familiarize myself with first wave SF but it’s all “blah blah white dudes blah blah Progress”